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Salt Lake City is the capital of Utah, USA, surrounded by the waters of the Great Salt Lake. The city is located in a picturesque place where rocky cliffs and powerful mountain ranges peacefully coexist with desert plains and forests. Most of Salt Lake City's population is made up of Mormons. That explains why there are so many of their churches, temples, and themed museums throughout the city. Its surrounding area attracts skiing and rock climbing enthusiasts. Just a half hour drive and you're already admiring the beauty of one of the famous slopes. In Salt Lake every tourist can count on a warm welcome, as they are happy to tell you about their traditions and make you feel part of one big family.
The official date of establishment of the first permanent settlements in the Salt Lake Valley is July 24, 1847. On that day a group of Mormons led by Brigham Young arrived there. They traveled across the United States in search of a secluded place where they could live out their faith in peace - without the violence they were subjected to in other states. History is left with the famous phrase Young said after his visit to the valley - "This is the place!" The east end of Salt Lake City, the place where the leader uttered the historic words, is now home to This Is the Place Heritage Park with a monument dedicated to the Mormon pioneers.
Four days after the relocation, Brigham Young identified the site for the Salt Lake Temple. It subsequently became one of Salt Lake City's most famous landmarks and a "calling card" for Mormons.
In 1849, the Mormons decided to officially call their land Deseret and submitted a formal petition. The U.S. Congress rejected the petition and named them the Utah Territory, making the city of Fillmore the capital.
In 1858, the title of state capital passed to Salt Lake City. The city's population continued to grow at the expense of Mormon converts and Gold Rush gold prospectors. Eventually the city became one of the most populous places in the Wild West.
Since the mid-nineteenth century, Mormons had been under tight government control. The reason was the polygamy they practiced. Federal authorities established two military bases in their territory, and in 1890 a manifesto was issued ordering church members to submit to the government and renounce polygamy. Eventually - the Mormons surrendered.
In 1896 Utah received statehood. In 2002, Salt Lake City hosted the Winter Olympics. Preparations for it had a positive impact on the entire infrastructure of the city.